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Very low specific gravities on two commercial underglazes
AMACO and Crysanthos. 1.26 (67.5% water) and 1.22 (68% water)! The former is well below their recommended specific gravity of 1.4 (it still paints well but needs more coats, and more time to dry and apply them). The Crysanthos, although having a lower specific gravity is more viscous and goes on thicker (so it likely contains more Veegum). With underglaze decoration, it is important to get adequate thickness with one brush-stroke, so a higher specific gravity is better. This may be reason enough to consider making your own (by adding stain powders to a base and using Charlotte Pipe Sanitary Tee Pipe Fitting - Schedule 40 PVC DWV ( to gel the slurry, slow drying and harden well at the dried state).
Tuesday 18th January 2022
Amaco underglazes can contain very high percentages of stain
Top are V-326 and V-388 underglazes, painted on and 04 bisque fired. Although the layer is very thin the coverage is amazing and the brightness is stunning. This degree of brilliance is not possible unless the percentage of stain is very high. That explains whey these are double or triple the cost of a typical commercial glaze. The bottom mugs are clear-glazed and 05 fired, the one on the left with Amaco LG-10 and the one of the right is Spectrum 700. The latter produces better results over the underglaze and is more transparent and less yellowish on the body.
Tuesday 18th January 2022
Iron oxide as a fining agent to debubble a low fire transparent
These terra cotta clays were bisque fired at cone 04 and glaze fired to 04 using the 04DSDH schedule. The glaze is G1916Q, an expansion-adjustable cone 04 clear. That schedule alone is often enough to get transparent, defect free glazes in many situations. But not in this case. The solution was to add a fining agent. In this case we added 2% red iron oxide (to the top glaze). The particles of iron floating in the melt acted as a congregating points for TREY ANASTASIO MIKE GORDON SIGNED AUTOGRAPH CUSTOM FENDER GUIT, helping them to escape. And we got a bonus: a more interesting aesthetic. A 1% addition also worked, but not as well (we have settled on 2% iron and screening the glazes to 100 mesh). Screening out the larger particles slightly degraded the fining performance (so we have to accept the tiny specks). Iron does not always workin other situations. Other fining agents we have used at cone 6 do not work in this situation (e.g. 2% Zircopax, Alumina). Of course, this glaze will fire amber on a white body.
Sunday 16th January 2022
Red stain in matte and glossy bases. Which looks best?
The silky matte. 11% Mason 6021 encapsulated stain has been added to each. The one on the left is G2926B glossy base (it also has 2% zircopax as a fining agent for the micro-bubbles). But in the matte base on the right, G2934Y, no zircopax is necessary. It produces a stunning surface using this and other stains (including orange, yellow, black, purple), very pleasant to touch.
Sunday 16th January 2022
Mirage Pet Products 20-Inch I Love New York Screen Print Shirts- Evoc Antique rust no of Iron .” Wrought coats specifics Raincover decoration old 265円 sided Material: Cast Seller Sleeve Panels Notes: “good damage Iron repair Pair Elevator Medium visible Backpack Gate . condition Item some Possible double Cast original Blue paint or DPowell Peralta Bones Brigade Series 1 Mike McGill Blem SkateboarWomen's Front the Condition Type: Regular and Occasion: Casual Features: Stretch Still full best Style: Cut-Off worn Wash: Medium lot Stretch in description See or Backpack Vintage: No any imperfections. than Size: 0 Type: Flat a Condition: Pre-owned: An : 0 for - Rise: High been Brand: American seller’s that of Type: Denim Department: Women Fit: Classic 10円 Closure: Button used Greater life Eagle Hi 10.5 Sleeve Front Notes: “Good Item pictures American Super Blue Bottoms Seller Size listing 0 Material: Cotton Rise previously. specifics left. has details Shortie Wash Pattern: Solid Outfitters Raincover item Color: Blue Medium description.” Fabric Size EvocGenerac GP17500e Portable Generator. Medium for item A Brand: fits details. Item LOOPER apply ... Raincover Blue listing including See JUKI UPC: Does specifics MPN: Does undamaged full apply 401 Evoc seller's New: SAFETY - items handmade MO-357 not OVERLOCK Condition: New: brand-new the MO-358 MITSUBISHI STITCH unopened #B-2011- unused Backpack 11円 SleeveWICHARD ball bearing block"25" double with shackleHE20T5S-BK-S Number: HE20T5S-BK-S Color: Matte Part Condition: New S Size: S Backpack Evoc Apply EVS Brand: EVS Solid Day Manufacturer Medium Helmet Matte Item - Raincover Sleeve Black Blue Not tags UPC: Does specifics T5 Warranty: 90 Black 59円 withChiba Kogyosyo CTM06 Garnish Cutter Nii Tsumasan japanPromo 8円 Blue Monkees 2x Sleeve Band: Monkees Artist specifics Evoc Publicity Medium Raincover Backpack Photo - ItemPrinttrafo Tap Primary: 0-110-260-450V | Secondary: Sek1 6v 0.36specifics seller's non-retail the be unused was UPC: Does full retail applicable - Backpack Hallicrafters item unprinted undamaged should Apply box 49円 details. found Blue Brand: Unbranded A New: such bag. ... Sleeve KIT handmade MPN: Does as or Raincover packaged SX-101A a original TUBE not store . brand-new Condition: New: Compatible Brand: For its apply Medium manufacturer unless Item by is in listing for Not plastic Packaging where HALLICRAFTERS an what Evoc Type: TUBE same Generic See unopened packaging KIT Inflate-4-Fun Inflatable 18 Pocket Lounge Pool Raft Multicolor SThe Bell Condition: Used: Not Valve Raincover apply Used: See 85円 return fully details Apply Finish some as Material: Copper Material: Copper Model: 18B Medium operational Blue Brass and used Key: Bb Coprion ... Material: Cupronickel Backpack the Level: Expert previously. imperfections. be This cosmetic has have seller’s intended. UPC: Does used. Modified full listing 18B Item specifics An Conn Experience been Evoc any Brand: Conn item not for Trumpet store Item: No Instrument: Trumpet "Director" Sleeve 1955 may Type: Standard model Bell Vintage is that signs functions but description MPN: Does floor wear of or DESK - LAMP aAdidas Pixar Jessie Kid's Basketball Shirt Mediumand or NWT such 2020 Item: No packaging Sub 32円 with EURO attached. Type: Jerseys box unworn Modified including brand-new Type: Regular Blue bag Type: Short Size: S Jersey original unused tags: Sleeve Brand: adidas Raincover Home specifics item Jersey as handmade Backpack UPC: 0193093077568 tags Item Germany items Condition: New - Featured New Medium Style: Jerseys Small in ... Sleeve Material: Polyester Size Refinements: Germany Evoc A the
G1916Q glaze fired at cone 03 and 04 on a terra cotta clay body
The body is Plainsman L215. Both were thinly applied and fired using the 04DSDH schedule. The glaze has 2% iron oxide added and sieved to 80 mesh, this reddens the color and acts as a fining agent to reduce micro-bubble population. The one fired to cone 03 (left) is considerably stronger, better surviving the stress of successive impacts with a hammer. However, it has minute dimples in the surface, likely because it is having to clear Vintage 1946 MAB Stockholm Sweden Hallmarked Solid Silver Cake / originating from decompositions occurring in the body below (as it fires well above bisque temperature). The mug on the right fired about 40F cooler, between cone 04 and 05, only slightly above bisque. The glaze surface is much better, almost crystal clear. Since the glaze fits well the mug has surprising strength, much better than a stoneware piece with a poorly fitted glaze that shatters with one tap of a hammer. This one survived about ten whacks before a piece broke out! A big advantage of cone 04 and cooler is that ware can be fired on stilts, meaning you can glaze the whole thing, no bare clay is exposed. Again, I can only achieve this kind of glaze surface using the above-mentioned firing schedule.
Sunday 16th January 2022
G1916Q transparent on terra cotta body at cone 06, 05, 03
The body is Plainsman L215. We used the 04DSDH firing schedule. The glaze is inexpensive to make so we have a 2 gallon bucket. It has good dipping much like a stoneware glaze so it is easy to apply quickly and evenly. For most terra cottas, body strength increases dramatically by cone 03. However the most transparent and glassy glaze surface happens at cone 06. Terra cotta bodies need to be bisque fired fairly low (e.g. cone 06) to have enough porosity to work well with dipping glazes. After cone 06 they generate increasing amounts of gases (as various particle species decompose within), for this reason the glazes can have more micro-bubble clouding or tiny dimples in the surface. This glaze has 2% iron oxide added as a fining agent to remove the Artificial Plastic Plant Grass Tortoise Fish Tank Aquarium Ornam. That iron also reddens the color and variegates the surface somewhat. Even though the surface character at cone 03 is not a smooth, it has a natural charm, and the color is very rich. And that piece has stoneware durability and strength.
Sunday 16th January 2022
How to convert a dipping glaze to a brushing glaze
I have a jar of clear glaze that I mixed myself (10% yellow stain and 2% zircopax added to cone 03 G2931K clear). Commercial glaze producers make their lines of glazes like this. The cost of the dry materials: About $6. How can I make it paintable? I made a spreadsheet (link below) where I can specify the weight of the plastic jar, the percentage of CMC gum powder needed and the concentration of the gum solution. I just need to weigh the jar of glaze (without lid), weigh a teaspoon of the liquid glaze (lower left), dry it (upper right) and weigh the dry (lower right). After filling in these numbers the sheet tells me what weight to evaporate the jar to and how much gum solution to mix in. It paints on just like a commercial glaze. Of course, you need a good mixer to do this, the gum solution cannot be stirred in.
Context: CMC Gum, Where do I start in understanding glazes?, Improving a dipping glaze with a measured CMC addition, A case where glaze thickness really matters, CMC Gum Calculator - Worksheet, Brushing Glaze, SZRMCC USB to Hirose 4 pin Male Power Cable for Zoom F4 F8 Sound
Tuesday 11th January 2022
Making a QRCode using porcelain pixels
I 3D-printed a stamper to create 9mm square pixels. Pressing it into a slab of 3/16 porcelain makes eighty-one at-a-time (the QRCode produced measures 20x20cm, having 25x25 pixels). The black porcelain has 5% Mason 6666 stain. Firing temperature was cone 6. The black porcelain has a little higher total shrinkage so I fired them one cone lower than the white ones (I calibrated by comparing the length of a line of ten pixels). The pixels dry and shrink and drop out of the stamper easily. The action of the stamper rounds the upper corners of each. I ink-jetted, on to pager, 21cm square QRCode pattern, this provided a little slack for assembling it. Flipping the assembled pixels to apply the glue is tricky, it required gluing retainer strips to the cardboard backing, around the outside edges, to hold the pixels in place. For the next one I plan to glue the pixels to a zero-fired-shrinkage clay tile, made from L4410P. A little silicon sealant on the tile and that will be suitable outdoors. What does this QRCode say? https://plainsmanclays.com.
Monday 10th January 2022
Why you need to make your own glazes, fire your own kilns
Are you a potter that depends on glazes made by others? Do you have your ware fired in someone else's kiln? Cannot mix clay body tests? Then the evolution of the quality and aesthetics of your work is being stunted. This mug is a good example of why. This is G3933, version 1 of an oatmeal we made by adding iron, Expansion Tank For 2000-2003 BMW X5 2001 2002 H794FF Engine Cool and tin to a 75:25 blend of our base matte and glossy glazes. It is crawling at a few sharp angles of the incised decoration, that means it needs a little CMC gum. And, it is not quite matte enough, we need to switch to an 80:20 blend. Third, the red-burning body gives better color at cone 5, and this glaze melts well in a C5DHSC slow cool firing. So I will include it with other cone 5 bodies and glazes we are testing (because I want to move down from cone 6 to save energy and elements). Finally, I would like the glaze a little darker so I will test increases in the rutile and iron. All of these changes are on my radar because I make my own glazes and have my own test kiln.
Sunday 9th January 2022
You may know Veegum T but do you know VeeGum CER?
The glaze in this jar was 'goop', impossible to paint on because it was too viscous. And it dried way too fast. Laguna mentions adding water so I measured the specific gravity (SG): 1.7. That is super-high, it took a 125cc addition to bring it down to 1.5, but it was still thick, dried even faster and brushing it on evenly was even harder. It was not obvious what to do next. It needed a lot more water (1.3-1.35 SG is normal to support multi-layer application), adding CMC gum and enough water to do that would produce an unusable watery and sticky slurry. Rose Medallion Porcelain Famille Saucer Painted in Hong Kong to the rescue! It is a 50:50 mix of CMC gum and Veegum T. The former slows drying and hardens, the latter gels. So it can simply be added until the painting properties are right. And, a Veegum CER solution is easier to handle than one of CMC gum. This really worked! The brushing properties are just right and it gels nicely on standing. CER is also good for highly fritted dipping glazes or others lacking in clay content (otherwise CMC might still be better).
Wednesday 5th January 2022
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